In Puerto Rico, watermelon production is mainly concentrated in the south coast. For the year 1996-97, there were a total of 508 acres strewn of watermelon in this area. Watermelon production in this area is characterized the use of mechanization in most of the tasks of crop and high use of inputs. In the supplement to this publication includes a budget model that exemplifies the potential costs and revenues per acre in a commercial planting.
According to Index of Seasonal Supplies of the Department of Agriculture, in Puerto Rico, the annual production of cabbage is concentrated between the months of January and May, with March and April the most
The production of roots and tubers (yams, taro, sweet potato, cassava, taro, celery) in Puerto Rico has shown a downward trend in recent years. The local production of roots and tubers does not satisfy the demand in Puerto Rico.
The plantain crop has several advantages as food in the tropics and that adapts to a high level of technology with minimal mechanization. An acre of plantains on steep terrain with little chance for other uses in the humid highland, can produce as much dry matter content or calories for human consumption, as an acre of potatoes in machinable flat land of Idaho or other producing states.
The salad cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is among the vegetables of the Cucurbitaceae family of major economic importance in Puerto Rico. He was preceded in value of production within this family: pumpkin, watermelon and squash.
In Puerto Rico are two types of commercially grown melon of the species Cucumis melo L.; the "cantaloupe" o "muskmelon" and the "honeydew." These melons are vegetables in the family Cucurbits, whose sweet fruits are mainly consumed as dessert, as is the case with most fruit trees. For this reason and according to their use, sometimes some people consider them as the group of fruit trees.
The Department of Agriculture of Puerto Rico indicate that during the years 1996-97 the contribution of vegetables to agricultural gross income was of $ 24.0 million. The onion was one of the biggest contributor vegetables, ranking fourth in economic importance among the vegetables were produced locally, with a production value of $ 1.6 million.
The coffee industry in Puerto Rico is one of the agricultural enterprises of greater economic and social importance. Among the country's coffee crop is considered the most stable and its cultivation has helped to preserve water resources of mountainous region.